SOFF will support countries with the most severe shortfalls in observations, prioritising Small Island Developing States and Least Developed Countries, to close significant climate and weather data gaps. This will enable a 28 times increase in observations from surface stations and a 12 times increase from upper air stations.
Significant improvement in the capacity to forecast extreme weather events and predict the changing climate, supports more effective climate action and adaptation strategies.
The potential benefits directly enabled by the full implementation of the internationally agreed Global Observing Basic Network, primarily via its implementation in countries with the largest current data gaps, are estimated to exceed USD 5 billion per year.
Weather and climate observations are essential to fully realize the USD 162 billion of estimated minimum annual socio-economic benefits of weather and climate prediction. This includes potential global disaster management benefits and improved economic production through the application of weather forecasting in highly weather-sensitive sectors including agriculture, water, energy, transportation and construction. The analysis does not include the many lives saved due to enhanced weather and climate prediction.
Source: Kull, et al., (2021). For more details see SOFF Terms of Reference.
The SOFF Gender Action Plan sets targets for the first implementation period.
Investment and Compliance Phase targets, as well as processes not yet started by SOFF, are not listed, but can be viewed in the Gender Action Plan.